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You are herecontent / Spies, Leaks & Memos - Part I
By davidswanson - Posted on 05 August 2005
The Sag Harbor Express
By Julie Penny
The “Downing Street Memo
British, U.S. lied about justification for pre-war Iraq airstrikes
There is more evidence now proving Bush and Blair involved the US and Britain in an illegal war. The attacks on the US from Iraq went from 370 provocations before September 11, to a total of 32 between Oct 2001 and May 2002.
Saudi Arabia's Turki al-Faisal, at the behest of Ronald Reagan, checked around and discovered that a young member of the fabulously wealthy Bin Laden construction dynasty, Osama, was committed to Islamic causes. Turki thus gave Osama the task of raising money from Gulf millionaires for the Afghan struggle. This whole effort was undertaken, remember, on Reagan Administration instructions.
Bin Laden not only raised millions for the effort, but helped encourage Arab volunteers to go fight for Reagan against the Soviets and the Afghan communists. The Arab volunteers included people like Ayman al-Zawahiri, a young physician who had been jailed for having been involved in the assassination of Egyptian president Anwar El-Sadat. Bin Laden kept a database of these volunteers. In Arabic the word for base is al-Qaeda.
In the US, the Christian Right adopted the Mujahideen as their favorite project. They even sent around a "biblical checklist" for grading US congressman as to how close they were to the "Christian" political line. If a congressman didn't support the radical Muslim Muj, he or she was downgraded by the evangelicals and fundamentalists.
Reagan wanted to give more and more sophisticated weapons to the Mujahideen ("freedom fighters"). 1985 Reagan sent Senator Orrin Hatch, Undersecretary of Defense Fred Iklé and others to Beijing to ask China to put pressure on Pakistan to allow the US to give the Muslim radicals, such as Hikmatyar, more sophisticated weapons. Hatch succeeded in this mission.
By giving the Muj weaponry like the stinger shoulder held missile, which could destroy advanced Soviet arms like their helicopter gun ships, Reagan demonstrated to the radical Muslims that they could defeat a super power.
Reagan also decided to build up Saddam Hossein in Iraq as a counterweight to Khomeinist Iran, authorizing US and Western companies to send him precursors for chemical and biological weaponry. At one point Donald Rumsfeld was sent to Iraq to assure Saddam that it was all right if he used chemical weapons against the Iranians. Reagan had no taste in friends.
Prior to Reagon becoming president, the Republican Party had negotiated with the Iranian Hostage takers to keep the American hostages until after the election so that Reagan could take credit for their release. The Iranians had already agreed to release them when Carter was still president yet the Republican Party forced the American hostages to live in terror for months after their agreed release.
On becoming president, George H. W. Bush made a deal with the Soviets that he would cut the Mujahideen off if the Soviets would leave Afghanistan. The last Soviet troops departed in early 1989. The US then turned its back on Afghanistan and allowed it to fall into civil war, as the radical Muslim factions fostered by Washington and Riyadh turned against one another and used their extensive weaponry on each other and on civilians.
In the meantime, Saddam, whom the US had built up as a major military power, invaded Kuwait. The Bush senior administration now had to take on its former protege, and put hundreds of thousands of US troops into the Gulf and Saudi Arabia. The radical Muslim extremists with whom Reagan and Bush had allied in Afghanistan now turned on the US, objecting strenuously to a permanent US military presence in the Muslim holy land.
From 1994 Afghanistan was increasingly dominated by a faction of Mujahideen known as Taliban or seminary students which learned the trick from Reagan and which were flush from all those billions the Reagan administration had funneled into the region. In 1996 Bin Laden came back and reestablished himself there, becoming the leader of 5,000 radical Arab volunteers that Reagan had urged Saudi King Fahd to help come to Afghanistan back in the 1980s.
A steady drumbeat of violence against Palestinians by Israelis, who were stealing their land and clearly intended to monopolize their sacred space, enraged the Muslim radicals that had been built up and coddled by Reagan.
In 1998, al-Qaeda and al-Jihad al-Islami, two small terrorist groups established in Afghanistan as a result of the Reagan jihad, declared holy war on the United States and Israel. After attacks by al-Qaeda cells on US embassies in East Africa and on the USS Cole, nineteen of them ultimately used jet planes to attack the Twin Towers and the Pentagon.
The Bush administration responded to these attacks by the former proteges of Ronald Reagan by putting the old Mujahideen warlords back in charge of Afghanistan's provinces, allowing Bin Laden and al-Zawahiri to escape, declaring that Americans no longer needed a Bill of Rights, and suddenly invading another old Reagan protege, Saddam's Iraq, which had nothing to do with 9/11 and posed no threat to the US. The name given this bizarre set of actions by Bush was "the War on Terror."
The American Right, having created the Mujahideen and having mightily contributed to the creation of al-Qaeda, abruptly announced that there was something deeply wrong with Islam, that it kept producing terrorists.
As far as the jihadist holy warriors of today are concerned - we are the new Soviet Union.
Previously, the CIA commissioned an Uzbek exile living in Germany to produce translations of the Koran in the Uzbek language. The CIA printed thousands of copies of the Muslim holy book and shipped them to Pakistan for distribution to the mujahedin.
President Reagan signed the classified NSDD-166, titled "Expanded U.S. Aid to Afghan Guerillas," in March 1985, formally anointing its confrontational language as covert U.S. policy in Afghanistan. His national security adviser, Robert McFarlane, signed the highly classified sixteen-page annex, which laid out specific new steps to be taken by the CIA.
Timeline note: In the spring of 1985 Robert McFarlane began pushing his presidential directive which outlined plans to sell military equiptment to Iran. What would ultimately become the frick to the Contra frack in the Iran-Contra yoke. "Support for the al Qaeda freedom fighters is self-defense." ~ President Ronald Reagan, State of the Union address, 1985.
Remember that the next time September 11 rolls around and the next election when they don't count our votes..
Thank you for your post. It's hard to keep track of the goings on. Watch the hands. Do not take your eyes of the hands. The US has been so busy following a fake Whitewater 'travesty' and Clintons affair they've allowed the neocons to steal the country.
An excellent summary of the events bringing us to present day. Since I paid attention to as many sources of information as I could at that time, I remember all of this well. I bet less than 1% of American's today have any clue at all about this history. When Bush was running for president and I heard about the names of the people he would have in his administration, It reminded me of the whole Iran-Contra crowd and I warned people of this history and all I got in return was alot of glass-eyed stares. American's in general are totally clueless when it comes to even basic history, which means we are going to repeat it over and over.
I have my degree in history and I didn't know it. When you're busy raising kids and just daily life you can't follow what's going on and this neo con group takes advantage of that. They are secretive, manipulative, liars. But you know, the history is still there to find. Thanks again for putting it out there.
By the way, After Downing Street, this history lesson should be in the left hand column so that everyone can be enlightened.
This blogg should be posted on the front page of every paper around the world. The press is not only ignoring true news it is ignoring history and that is shameful. I have only become political in the past few months and I am consumed by the path this government is taking "OUR COUNTRY". I have always been proud to be an american but I hang my head in sorrow for the soldiers who have lost their lives, for their families and for the misinformation and lies this government and press have told to the WORLD.
Does this tie in with the comments that the Planes were taken over on, 9-11 but double agents and this WAR against the Poor was more planned out than anyone thought ?
Great post , love the following quote
"Support for the al Qaeda freedom fighters is self-defense." ~ President Ronald Reagan, State of the Union address, 1985.
..." the capture of Louai Sakra, said to be the al-CIA-duh regional boss in Turkey] emerged the possibility that al-Qaeda may not be, strictly speaking, an organization but an element of an intelligence agency operation. Turkish intelligence specialists agree that there is no such organization as al-Qaeda. Rather, Al-Qaeda is the name of a secret service operation.
Sakra was sought and caught by Syrian al-Mukhabarat as well. Syria too offered him employment. Sakra eventually became a triple agent for the secret services. These astounding claims are the outcome of Sakra’s four-day interrogation at Istanbul Anti-Terror Department Headquarters.
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